Suddenly this idea of concentrating men in a slow moving column is rendered utterly useless.The early 1700’s rested on the bridge between two technologically different stages of war.In a matter of years the mode of warfare changed completely, generals had to rethink doctrine and soldiers had to rework tactics.
Using improvised munitions and rifles designed in the previous century these inexperienced conscripts repelled elite Panzer tank corps across hundreds of miles, how?
Until the 18 century, the Feudal Tsarism of Russia had little to no interaction with the Western World.
In the Great Northern War, a Russian army, one again severely under-armed with pikes and matchlock muskets, faced off against a superior Swedish force.
King Charles XII of Sweden had the most modern and well equipped army in all of Europe.
First, a empirical perspective of wars must be considered.